Appendix

Technical Drawings and References

These drawings provide additional technical information pertaining to many of the design concepts presented in this document. The drawings are taken from external industry standards and sources referenced throughout this document.

These drawings are intended to provide guidance for concept design. However, for more detailed design and specifications, official sources should be referenced to ensure that up-to-date standards are being implemented.

Click here to view a pdf of the technical drawings and references.

Comprehensive Transit Checklist

The following is a compilation of all the implementation checklists included in this document. The checklist is organized by major technical topics that correspond with chapters and subsections of this document.

Vehicle, Service & Roadway

Guideline PrinciplesImplementation Tools
Design standards are used that reflect specific transit vehicles to be used in the development area.Local subdivision regulations, local public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Design for appropriate outside turning clearance at all locations where Pace vehicles operate.Local public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
For all roadways that accommodate transit operations, appropriate lane widths are used to ensure proper maneuverability of transit vehicles.Local zoning and subdivision regulations, local public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Design minimal grades to the extent possible for roadways serviced by Pace vehicles and comply with ADA standards at stations and throughout the pedestrian network.Local public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Pavement should be designed to handle anticipated vehicle loads.Local public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Consider the long-term implementation of level boarding and precision docking when engineering bus stop areas.Local public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Use appropriate lane markers to differentiate between transit areas, bicycle lanes, on-street parking, etc.Local public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards

Bus Stop Location and Roadway Design

Guideline PrinciplesImplementation Tools
Working closely with Pace, determine the appropriate location for transit stops and facilities based on local conditions.Local public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
To the extent possible, use rigid roadway surfaces at bus stops, bus turnouts, and transit terminals.Local public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Utilize appropriate bus bay configurations to ensure efficient bus service on busy streets.Local public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Coordinate with Pace to implement suitable transit technologies (such as queue jumps and transit signal priority) when roadway geometry and traffic conditions permitLocal public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards

Off-street Facilities

Guideline PrinciplesImplementation Tools
Coordinate with Pace to appropriately integrate off-street bus facilities into development.Local zoning and subdivision regulations, Local public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Coordinate with Pace to accommodate appropriate bus turnarounds as needed.Local public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Design park-n-ride facilities that consider parking facility size, waiting areas, and pedestrian access, and incorporate bus berths and turnarounds into design.Local zoning and subdivision regulations, Local public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards

Passenger Waiting Areas

Guideline PrinciplesImplementation Tools
Address bus stop accessibility for all users early in the decision making process for all bus stop plansLocal zoning and subdivision regulations, Local public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Coordinate with Pace to design bus stop locations with amenities to provide a comfortable, safe, and convenient waiting area for transit usersLocal public works/engineering standards
Coordinate with Pace to provide passenger shelters for bus stop areas that are high volume boarding sitesLocal public works/engineering standards
Coordinate with Pace to integrate transit route information, local wayfinding, and/or Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) to provide accurate route and schedule information to the public.Local public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards

Street Network Design

Guideline PrinciplesImplementation Tools
Design a well-connected grid pattern of streets that maximizes network connectionsLocal zoning regulations, local subdivision regulations
Plan small block sizesLocal subdivision regulations
Maximize multi-modal infrastructure within existing right-of-wayLocal subdivision regulations, local public works/engineering standards
Limit traffic lanes widths to the minimum allowable standardLocal subdivision regulations, local public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Keep curb radii to the minimum allowable standardLocal public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Coordinate the design and installation of infrastructure and pedestrian amenitiesLocal subdivision regulations, local public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards

Creating Safe and Comfortable Sidewalks

Guideline PrinciplesImplementation Tools
Provide on-street parkingLocal public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Connect transit stops to the sidewalk networkLocal subdivision regulations, local public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards

Managing Shared Pedestrian/Vehicularspaces

Guideline PrinciplesImplementation Tools
Traffic Calming
Use lane widths and geometries to reduce traffic speeds and enhance pedestrian safetyLocal public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Use textured roadway materials to call motorist’s attention to unique areasLocal public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Install speed tables in at-grade pedestrian crossings that require slow vehicle speeds and increase pedestrian visibilityLocal public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Plan on-street parking, which slows traffic through the inherent actions of parking vehicles and opening car doorsLocal public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Signage and Information
Install pedestrian crossing signals at every signalized intersectionLocal public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Install pedestrian crossing warning systems where appropriateLocal public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Use highly visible pedestrian crosswalk painting designLocal public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Pedestrian Comfort
Utilize curb bump-outs, pedestrian refuge islands, and clearly delineated crosswalksLocal public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards

Transit Supportive Land Uses

Guideline PrinciplesImplementation Tools
Target office, service, or residential uses that place more people closer to transit stopsLocal zoning regulations
Seek land uses that generate pedestrian foot trafficLocal zoning regulations
Pursue a mix of land uses that create activity at various times of the dayLocal zoning regulations
Encourage mixed-use development near transit nodesLocal zoning regulations, local incentive programs
Seek development densities that support transitLocal zoning regulations, local incentive programs

Site Design

Guideline PrinciplesImplementation Tools
Provide a direct and continuous sidewalk connection between the sidewalk in the public right-of-way and entry on the front building façadeLocal zoning regulations, local subdivision regulations
Incorporate open spaces that complement uses and create activity near transit stopsLocal subdivision regulations

Parking and Access Management

Guideline PrinciplesImplementation Tools
Locate off-street parking areas so that they do not interfere with pedestrian circulation routesLocal zoning regulations?
Minimize disruptions to the sidewalk when designing a parking lotLocal zoning regulations
Maximize multi-modal infrastructure within existing right-of-wayLocal subdivision regulations, local public works/engineering standards, D.O.T standards
Reduce the amount of required off-street parking through lower ratios, parking maximums, incentives, etc. Local zoning regulations
Use minimum dimensions for parking lot designLocal zoning regulations, local subdivision regulations

Building Design

Guideline PrinciplesImplementation Tools
Design prominent and easily-identifiable front entrances to buildings that are as close to transportation as possibleLocal zoning regulations, design standards, architectural guidelines
Create an attractive street environment through architectural design elements that enhance the pedestrian experienceLocal zoning regulations, local subdivision regulations, design standards, architectural guidelines
Design facades that have transparency and articulation through the use of both horizontal and vertical elementsLocal zoning regulations, design standards, architectural guidelines
Utilize wall-mounted signage and integrated lighting features to enhance the pedestrian experienceLocal zoning regulations, design standards, architectural guidelines
Reinforce local community character through the use of design motifs and materialsLocal zoning regulations, design standards, architectural guidelines

On-site Transit Facilities

Guideline PrinciplesImplementation Tools
Locate transit center on a street nearest to the transit routeLocal zoning regulations, local subdivision regulations
Provide direct connection between transit center and streetLocal zoning regulations, local subdivision regulations
Provide pedestrian connection between transit center and sidewalk along streetLocal zoning regulations, local subdivision regulations
Work with Pace to identify elements of the transit center design program that best suite the particular siteLocal zoning regulations

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