Vision 2020 Glossary
A lane on a street or highway reserved primarily
or exclusively for buses, either all day or for specified periods. Other traffic,
typically limited to emergency vehicles and in some cases taxis, may be allowed.
Automobiles may be given limited access, such as for making left or right turns.
Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)
BRT combines the quality of rail
transit and the flexibility of buses. It can operate on bus lanes, HOV lanes,
expressways, or ordinary streets. A BRT system combines a simple route layout,
frequent service, limited stops, Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) technology,
passenger information systems, traffic signal priority for transit, cleaner
and quieter vehicles, rapid and convenient fare collection, high-quality passenger
facilities, and integration with land use policy.
or short-distance mobility within communities, and feeder connections to line-haul
bus routes and CTA and Metra rail services. Community-based services will include
demand-response services, subscription services, fixed routes, community circulators,
and other types of services such as historic trolleys.
Community Transportation Centers
These centers serve
as an origin or major stopping point for community-based services. They are
often integrated with CTA and Metra rail stations and include many of the same
amenities as regional transportation centers.
Bus service with a limited number of stops,
either between a collector area and a specific location or in a particular corridor
with stops en route at major transfer points or activity centers.
Routes that will provide origin-to-destination
service within a defined corridor, generally within 1/2 to 1 mile of the route.
High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lanes
A lane or lanes on
a highway, freeway, separate right of way, or arterial street restricted for
use by vehicles carrying more than one person.
Intelligent Bus System (IBS)
System includes Automatic
Vehicle Locator (AVL), Transit Signal Priority (TSP), Active Transit Station
Signs (ATSS), Electronic Fare Collection (EFC), Transfer Connection Protection
(TCP), on board next stop annunciators, incident management, and access management,
especially at tollway facilities. All these components combine to provide better
information to customers helping them to make a seamless trip using transit,
and improve overall efficiency of the system.
First and Last Mile
Pace's goal to provide passengers
with easy-to-use transportation from the moment they get on the bus to the time
they arrive at their destination, thereby reducing automobile dependency. Vision
2020 will offer walkable communities, sidewalk improvements, local shuttle connections,
and transit stops that are nearby popular destinations.
A fixed-route bus system that operates
on arterial streets or on tollways or expressways.
Regional Transportation Centers
Large transit centers
typically located near major shopping centers, community downtowns, or large
rail stations. Centers typically include off-street bus bays, sheltered and
heated boarding areas and electronic passenger information displays.
A trip that is running in the opposite
direction of the heaviest traffic. The reverse commute generally involves travel
between employment locations in the outlying suburban areas and residence locations
closer to the urban core of the metropolitan area.
Environmentally-sensitive land development
with the goals of minimizing dependence on auto transportation, reducing air
pollution, and making infrastructure investments more efficient.
Passenger facilities located at the intersections
of line-haul arterial bus routes. They include heated waiting areas, sheltered
boarding areas, electronic passenger information systems, and pedestrian improvements
at the intersection to make transfers between bus routes more convenient.
Traffic Signal Priority Systems
System of traffic controls
in which buses are given an advantage over other general-purpose traffic by
use of early or extended green time to avoid delays at intersections. Systems
are sometimes combined with traffic signal preemption systems used by emergency