Vision 2020 Glossary

Bus Lanes
A lane on a street or highway reserved primarily or exclusively for buses, either all day or for specified periods. Other traffic, typically limited to emergency vehicles and in some cases taxis, may be allowed. Automobiles may be given limited access, such as for making left or right turns.

Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)
BRT combines the quality of rail transit and the flexibility of buses. It can operate on bus lanes, HOV lanes, expressways, or ordinary streets. A BRT system combines a simple route layout, frequent service, limited stops, Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) technology, passenger information systems, traffic signal priority for transit, cleaner and quieter vehicles, rapid and convenient fare collection, high-quality passenger facilities, and integration with land use policy.

Community-Based Service
Provides origin-to-destination or short-distance mobility within communities, and feeder connections to line-haul bus routes and CTA and Metra rail services. Community-based services will include demand-response services, subscription services, fixed routes, community circulators, and other types of services such as historic trolleys.

Community Transportation Centers
These centers serve as an origin or major stopping point for community-based services. They are often integrated with CTA and Metra rail stations and include many of the same amenities as regional transportation centers.

Express Routes
Bus service with a limited number of stops, either between a collector area and a specific location or in a particular corridor with stops en route at major transfer points or activity centers.

Flexible Routes
Routes that will provide origin-to-destination service within a defined corridor, generally within 1/2 to 1 mile of the route.

High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lanes
A lane or lanes on a highway, freeway, separate right of way, or arterial street restricted for use by vehicles carrying more than one person.

Intelligent Bus System (IBS)
System includes Automatic Vehicle Locator (AVL), Transit Signal Priority (TSP), Active Transit Station Signs (ATSS), Electronic Fare Collection (EFC), Transfer Connection Protection (TCP), on board next stop annunciators, incident management, and access management, especially at tollway facilities. All these components combine to provide better information to customers helping them to make a seamless trip using transit, and improve overall efficiency of the system.

First and Last Mile
Pace's goal to provide passengers with easy-to-use transportation from the moment they get on the bus to the time they arrive at their destination, thereby reducing automobile dependency. Vision 2020 will offer walkable communities, sidewalk improvements, local shuttle connections, and transit stops that are nearby popular destinations.

Line-Haul Service
A fixed-route bus system that operates on arterial streets or on tollways or expressways.

Regional Transportation Centers
Large transit centers typically located near major shopping centers, community downtowns, or large rail stations. Centers typically include off-street bus bays, sheltered and heated boarding areas and electronic passenger information displays.

Reverse Commute
A trip that is running in the opposite direction of the heaviest traffic. The reverse commute generally involves travel between employment locations in the outlying suburban areas and residence locations closer to the urban core of the metropolitan area.

Smart Growth
Environmentally-sensitive land development with the goals of minimizing dependence on auto transportation, reducing air pollution, and making infrastructure investments more efficient.

Super Stops
Passenger facilities located at the intersections of line-haul arterial bus routes. They include heated waiting areas, sheltered boarding areas, electronic passenger information systems, and pedestrian improvements at the intersection to make transfers between bus routes more convenient.

Traffic Signal Priority Systems
System of traffic controls in which buses are given an advantage over other general-purpose traffic by use of early or extended green time to avoid delays at intersections. Systems are sometimes combined with traffic signal preemption systems used by emergency vehicles.

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